Shaanxi Province's climate is temperate and
semi-arid in the north and subtropical and humid in the south.
Annual average temperature of Shaanxi is between 8 Celsius and
Shaanxi Province is one of the most
important cradles of ancient Chinese civilization. As far back
as one million years ago, some of China's earliest inhabitants
lived in this region, and began spreading their culture along
the life-sustaining Yellow River. Throughout the province's
long history, there are 13 dynasties who established capitals
here, including the Zhou, the Qin, the Han, and the Tang.
Because of this rich history, cultural relics and ruins are
plentiful, and may be found preserved both above- and
underground. So Shaanxi is called the 'authentic history
museum' in China.
Shaanxi is also abundant in natural
beauty beyond its rich historical legacy. As one of the five
best-known mountains in China, Mt. Huashan, 120 kilometers (or
46 miles) east of Xian, is famous for its breath-taking cliffs
and awe-inspiring landscape. The Hukou waterfall on Yellow
River, the second biggest one in China, is very overbearing
and magnificent. And Moutain Lishan and the nearby Huaqing Hot
Springs are very attractive. Their beautiful legends will
bring you into a moving love story between emperor Xuanyuan
and a beauty named Yang Guifei.