Jilin Province, one of China's important
agricultural provinces, in the central part of northeast China
gets its name from the city of the same name in the province.
It has an area of more than 180,000 square kilometers and a
population of 22.1 million, of which 54 per cent live in the
country and 46 per cent in the cities. Of its total
population, 7 per cent are from minority nationalities, such
as Koreans, Manehus, Mongolians, Huis, Xibes and
Jilin is high in the southeast and low in the
northwest and includes mountains, hills and plains in three
topographical zones: l) The Changbai Mountain Area in the east
includes the Baitou, Laoyeling and Mudanling mountains. Here
there are many narrow valleys and small intermontane basins,
including the Yanji, Hunjiang and Dunhua basins. 2) The
northwestern part of the province is a section of the Songliao
Plain and belongs to the central part of the Northeast Plain.
It has a gently undulating terrain and is the watershed of the
Songhua and Liaohe rivers. 3) Between the Changbai Mountain
Area and the Songliao Plain are hills some 500 meters above
sea level interspersed with intermontane basins and valleys.
The Second Songhua River, the longest waterway in
Jilin, has a catchment area of over 70,000 square kilometers,
or 40 per cent of the province's land mass. The Yalu and the
Tumen rivers mark the boundary between China and Korea. The
largest lake in Jilin is Songhua, also known as Fengman
Reservoir, which is one of the nationally known artificial
lakes. There are numerous other lakes in the northwest, the
larger ones being Yueliangpao, Chaganpao and Dabusupao.